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Mutambo Wengozi: Zvinetso zveAseptic Processing

Kunyange zvazvo tingasazviziva, munhu wose ari munyika angakanganiswa nokushandisa zvinhu zvisingabereki.Izvi zvinogona kusanganisira kushandiswa kwetsono kubaya majekiseni ekudzivirira, kushandiswa kwemishonga inochengetedza hupenyu senge insulin kana epinephrine, kana muna 2020 zvine tarisiro isingawanzoitiki asi mamiriro chaiwo chaiwo, kuisa chubhu yekufema kuitira kuti varwere vane Covid-19 vafeme.
Zvigadzirwa zvakawanda zvevabereki kana mbereko zvinogona kugadzirwa munzvimbo yakachena asi isina mbereko zvobva zvaitwa kuti zvisaparare, asi kune zvimwe zvakawanda zvinogadzirwa nevabereki kana mbereko zvisingagone kuvharirwa.
Zviitiko zvinowanzoitika zvekuuraya utachiona zvinogona kusanganisira kupisa kwakanyorova (kureva, autoclaving), kupisa kwakaoma (kureva, depyrogenation oven), kushandisa hydrogen peroxide mhute, uye kuiswa kwemakemikari anobata pamusoro anowanzonzi ma surfactants (se70% isopropanol [ IPA] kana sodium hypochlorite [bleach]), kana gamma irradiation uchishandisa cobalt 60 isotope.
Mune zvimwe zviitiko, kushandiswa kwemaitiro aya kunogona kukonzera kukanganisa, kuderedzwa kana kusashanda kwechigadzirwa chekupedzisira.Mutengo weidzi nzira uchavewo nekukanganisa kwakakosha pakusarudzwa kwekuita sterilization nzira, nekuti mugadziri anofanirwa kufunga nezvekukanganisa kweizvi pamutengo wechigadzirwa chekupedzisira.Semuenzaniso, mukwikwidzi anogona kuderedza kukosha kwechigadzirwa, saka chinogona kutengeswa nemutengo wakaderera.Izvi hazvireve kuti tekinoroji iyi yesterilization haigone kushandiswa panoshandiswa aseptic process, asi ichaunza matambudziko matsva.
Dambudziko rekutanga rekugadziriswa kweaseptic ndiyo nzvimbo inogadzirwa chigadzirwa.Nzvimbo yacho inofanira kuvakwa nenzira inoderedza nzvimbo yakavharirwa, inoshandisa yakakwirira-inoshanda particulate air filters (inonzi HEPA) kuitira mhepo yakanaka, uye iri nyore kuchenesa, kuchengetedza, uye kubvisa tsvina.
Dambudziko rechipiri nderekuti michina inoshandiswa kugadzira zvikamu, zvepakati, kana zvigadzirwa zvekupedzisira mukamuri zvinofanirawo kuve nyore kuchenesa, kuchengetedza, uye kusadonha (kuburitsa zvimedu kuburikidza nekudyidzana nezvinhu kana kuyerera kwemhepo).Muindasitiri inogara ichinatsiridza, kana uchigadzira zvinhu zvitsva, ungave uchifanira kutenga michina yazvino kana kuomerera kumatekinoroji ekare akaonekwa kuti anoshanda, pachave nemutengo-bhenefit chiyero.Sezvo michina ichichembera, inogona kukuvara, kutadza, kubuda kwemafuta, kana kugera chikamu (kunyangwe padanho remicroscopic), izvo zvinogona kukonzera kusvibiswa kwenzvimbo.Ichi ndicho chikonzero iyo yenguva dzose yekugadzirisa uye recertification system yakakosha, nekuti kana midziyo ikaiswa uye ikachengetwa nemazvo, matambudziko aya anogona kudzikiswa uye nyore kudzora.
Ipapo kuunzwa kwemichina chaiyo (senge maturusi ekugadzirisa kana kudhirowa kwezvinhu uye chikamu chemidziyo inodiwa kugadzira chigadzirwa chakapedzwa) kunogadzira mamwe matambudziko.Zvese zvinhu izvi zvinofanirwa kutamiswa kubva munzvimbo yekutanga yakavhurika uye isingadzoreki kuenda kunzvimbo yekugadzirwa kweaseptic, senge mota yekutakura, imba yekuchengetera, kana pre-kugadzirwa nzvimbo.Nechikonzero ichi, zvinhu zvacho zvinofanirwa kucheneswa zvisati zvapinda mupakeji munzvimbo yeaseptic yekugadzirisa, uye chikamu chekunze chekurongedza chinofanira kucheneswa pakarepo usati wapinda.
Saizvozvo, nzira dzekubvisa tsvina dzinogona kukonzera kukuvadzwa kwezvinhu zvinopinda munzvimbo yekugadzira aseptic kana kudhura zvakanyanya.Mienzaniso yeizvi inogona kusanganisira kupisa sterilization yeanoshanda emishonga zvinongedzo, izvo zvinogona kudhirowa mapuroteni kana mamolecular bond, nekudaro kudzima komboni.Kushandiswa kwemwaranzi kunodhura zvakanyanya nekuti nyoro kupisa sterilization inokurumidza uye inodhura-inoshanda sarudzo yezvinhu zvisiri-porous.
Kubudirira uye kusimba kwenzira imwe neimwe kunofanirwa kuongororwa nguva nenguva, inowanzonzi revalidation.
Dambudziko guru nderekuti maitiro ekugadzirisa anosanganisira kusangana kwevanhu pane imwe nguva.Izvi zvinogona kudzikiswa nekushandisa zvipingamupinyi zvakaita semuromo wegirovhosi kana kushandisa mechanization, asi kunyangwe kana maitiro acho achitarisirwa kuve akaparadzaniswa zvachose, chero kukanganisa kana kusashanda zvinoda kupindira kwevanhu.
Muviri wemunhu unowanzo takura huwandu hukuru hwebhakitiriya.Maererano nemishumo, munhu akaenzana anoumbwa ne1-3% yebhakitiriya.Kutaura zvazviri, chiyero chehuwandu hwebhakitiriya kune nhamba yemasero evanhu inenge 10: 1.1
Sezvo mabhakitiriya ari kwose kwose mumuviri womunhu, hazvibviri kuvabvisa zvachose.Kana muviri uchifamba, unogara uchidurura ganda rayo, kuburikidza nekusakara uye kubvaruka uye nekufamba kwemhepo.Muhupenyu, izvi zvinogona kusvika kusvika 35 kg.2
Yese ganda rakadeurwa uye mabhakitiriya anozounza kutyisidzira kukuru kwekusvibiswa panguva yekugadziriswa kweaseptic, uye inofanirwa kudzorwa nekuderedza kupindirana nemaitiro, uye nekushandisa zvipingamupinyi uye zvipfeko zvisiri zvekudurura kuti uwedzere kudzivirira.Kusvika pari zvino, muviri wemunhu pachawo ndiwo wakanyanya kusimba mucheni yekudzora kusvibiswa.Naizvozvo, zvinodikanwa kudzikisira huwandu hwevanhu vari kutora chikamu muzviitiko zveaseptic uye kutarisa maitiro ezvakatipoteredza ekusvibiswa kwehutachiona munzvimbo yekugadzira.Mukuwedzera kune zvinobudirira kuchenesa uye disinfection maitiro, izvi zvinobatsira kuchengetedza bioburden yeaseptic processing area panzvimbo yakaderera uye inobvumira kupindira kwekare kana pane chero "peaks" yezvinosvibisa.
Muchidimbu, pazvinogoneka, matanho mazhinji anogoneka anogona kutorwa kudzikisa njodzi yekusvibiswa ichipinda muiyo aseptic process.Zviito izvi zvinosanganisira kudzora nekutarisa nharaunda, kuchengetedza zvivakwa uye michina inoshandiswa, sterilizing zvinhu zvekupinza, uye kupa nhungamiro chaiyo yekuita.Kune mamwe akawanda matanho ekudzora, anosanganisira kushandiswa kwekusiyanisa kumanikidza kubvisa mweya, zvimedu, uye mabhakitiriya kubva munzvimbo yekugadzira.Hazvina kutaurwa pano, asi kudyidzana kwevanhu kuchatungamira kune dambudziko guru rekutadza kwekudzora kusvibiswa.Nokudaro, zvisinei kuti ndeipi nzira inoshandiswa, kuenderera mberi kwekutarisa uye kuenderera mberi kwekuongorora kwemaitiro ekugadzirisa anoshandiswa anogara achidiwa kuti ave nechokwadi chokuti varwere vanorwara zvakanyanya vacharamba vachiwana yakachengeteka uye yakarongeka yekugovera cheni yezvigadzirwa zvekugadzira aseptic.


Nguva yekutumira: Jul-21-2021